Hair Care Tips

Hair Loss and Baldness

Hair, loss baldness or alopecia is generally most noticeable on the scalp and is more common in men than it is in women. But what really causes hair loss? People believe that hair loss is caused by any or a combination of the following factors:
  • aging Aging
  • illnessIllness
  • burnsBurns
  • changes in hormonesChanges in Hormones
  • family history of baldnessFamily History of Baldness
  • traumaTrauma
It is believed that the earlier your hair loss starts, the severe your baldness will be.



Baldness

Some of the many different types of baldness include the following:
Female-pattern baldness FEMALE-PATTERN BALDNESS Unlike male pattern baldness when hair thins in specific areas, female-pattern baldness occurs with hair thinning all over the head, yet the frontal hairline is maintained. This condition rarely results in total hair loss.
Male-pattern baldness MALE-PATTERN BALDNESS Normally, male-pattern baldness usually is a hereditary condition and may begin at any age. Male-pattern baldness can be at a specific part of the head (front, sides, and/or on the crown of the head.) Some may develop a bald spot or just a receding hair line.
Toxic Alopecia TOXIC ALOPECIA This may occur after a person suffers from high fever or a severe sickness such as thyroid disease. A person who just gave birth may also suffer from toxic alopecia. It may even happen if a person takes in certain medications, especially thallium, high doses of vitamin A, and retinoids.
Scarring Alopecia SCARRING ALOPECIA Scars or scarring could prevent hair from growing back. So could bacterial or fungal skin infections, lichen planus, sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, or skin cancer.

Male-Pattern Hair Loss

Male-pattern baldness or androgenetic alopecia is the most common type of hair loss in men and follows a typical pattern of receding hairline and hair thinning on the crown. It is caused by hormones and genetic predisposition.
Male-Pattern Hair loss

It is NOT Caused By:

1. Wearing hats or caps
You can wear all the hats that you want, for as long as you want. However, just make sure to let your scalp breathe for at least seven hours a day.

2. Using hair products
The hair gels and sprays contain no active ingredients that will promote male baldness, so you can rest easy. However, you can opt for using gels that are more natural-based and contain ingredients such as chamomile and Aloe Vera.

3. Traumatic Experiences
Going through a traumatic experience will not make your hair fall off its roots.

4. Playing with your hair
Playing with your hair does not cause premature baldness.

5. Viral infections
There are no viral infections that cause direct balding. Some powerful medications, however, may be culprits, such as thallium, high doses of vitamin A, and retinoids, since they kill off the hair's roots.
Male-Pattern Hair loss Causes

But it is Caused By:

1. Genes
2. Male sex hormones
Baldness in men occur when the hair follicle (a cavity in the skin) shrinks over time. As the follicle shrinks, hair becomes thinner and shorter. Eventually, it will result in a very small follicle with no hair inside. Normally, hair should grow back but in the case of balding men, the follicle fails to grow a new hair.

Why this occurs is not really well understood, but it has been established that it is related to your genes and male sex hormones.

Male pattern baldness is not indicative of a medical disorder, but it may affect self-esteem or cause anxiety especially with the knowledge that hair loss is usually permanent. Because of this, some may suffer psychological stress and loss of self-esteem due to the change in their appearance.

There is no known prevention for male pattern baldness.

Symptoms

Normally, male baldness starts at the hairline, receding gradually to form an “M” shape. Then, the hair at the crown starts to thin out.

If your hair loss is in patches, diffused shedding, breaking of hair shafts or it is accompanied by redness, scaling or pain, this may be caused by other conditions. You should seek medical advice for this.

Treatment

If you are concerned about your appearance, you can seek treatment. There are many new strategies to disguise hair loss. Treatment for male-pattern baldness will be determined based on:
- your age, overall health, and medical history
- extent of the condition
- your tolerance for specific medications, procedures, and therapies
- expectation for the course of the disease
- your opinion or preference

Treatment may include:

1. Hair weaves or hair pieces.

2. Drugs such as:
Minoxidil (Rogaine) – it is a solution that you apply directly to the scalp to stimulate the hair follicles. It slows hair loss for many men, and some men grow new hair. Finasteride (Propecia, Proscar) -- a prescription pill that inhibits the production of the male hormone dihydrotestosterone. Like minoxidil, you are more likely to have slower hair loss than actual new hair growth.

3. Hair Transplants
During a hair transplantation procedure, the surgeon removes small pieces of hair-bearing scalp grafts from the back or sides of the head. These grafts are then relocated to a bald or thinning area. The procedure usually requires multiple transplantation sessions and may be expensive. Results are often excellent and permanent.

Female-Pattern Hair Loss

Female-pattern hair loss is balding or hair thinning in women that is attributable to hormones, aging, and genes.
Female-Pattern Hair Loss Causes

It is Caused By:

Female-pattern hair loss occurs when hair falls out and new hair does not grow in its place. It may be due to;

1. Aging

2. Changes in the levels of androgens (male hormones).
For example, after reaching menopause, many women find that the hair on their head is thinner, while the hair on their face is coarser.

3. Family history of female pattern baldness

Symptoms

Female-pattern hair loss occurs when hair falls out and new hair does not grow in its place. It may be due to;

1. Aging

2. Changes in the levels of androgens (male hormones).
For example, after reaching menopause, many women find that the hair on their head is thinner, while the hair on their face is coarser.

3. Family history of female pattern baldness
Hair thins mainly on the top and crown of the scalp. The thinning usually starts at the center hair part. However, the front hairline remains and the hair loss rarely progresses to total or near total baldness, as it may in men.

Female pattern baldness is diagnosed after ruling out other causes of hair loss and studying your medical history.

Treatment

The hair loss in female pattern baldness is permanent, if it is not treated.

1. Drug
The only drug or medication approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat female pattern baldness is minoxidil, used on the scalp.
- For women, the 2% concentration is recommended.
- Minoxidil may help hair grow in 20% to 25% of women.
- Treatment is expensive, because you must continue to use the medication.
- In women who do not respond to minoxidil, oral spironolactone may be added. Spironolactone may help women whose hair loss is caused by too much male hormones (androgens).
- It can cause increased potassium levels in the blood, and cannot be used in people with kidney failure or who are pregnant.

2. Hair Transplants
Hair transplants remove tiny plugs of hair from areas where hair is thicker, and place them in areas that are balding. It carries a slight risk for skin infection.

3. Hair Pieces
Hair weaving or hairpieces may disguise hair loss and improve your appearance.

Hair Care for Coloured or Chemically-Treated Hair

It is not unusual for women to get color treatments, perms, hair straightening treatments, etc. As these treatments cause intense hair damage, certain hair care measures need to be taken into consideration. Women want to know what is the best way to care for their chemically-treated hair in order to restore its condition and preserve the new style or color.

Here are some very basic tips:
After Color Hair Care

After-Color Hair Care

Hair dyes and coloring can leave the hair more porous than it was prior to coloring the hair. Most often, it results in hair losing moisture, unless proper care is used to reseal the cuticle.

1. Moisturizing Cream Conditioner
Thus, after coloring your hair, you need to use a very good moisturizing cream conditioner to maintain its moisture level. It will also smooth the cuticle layer and alleviate any problems with porosity.

2. Weekly Deep Conditioning Treatment
A deep conditioning treatment would help rehydrate the hair and restore lost moisture during the coloring process.
Chemically Treated Hair

After-Care for Colored or Chemically-Treated Hair

After-Chemical Texturing Services

Chemical texturing such as straightening, permanent wave, rebonding can be very harsh on the hair. The chemicals will leave the hair in a porous state.

1. Protein-Rich Conditioner
As hair is over-stressed in these cases, a protein-rich conditioner is needed. It can restore the strength and integrity of the hair while adding in much-needed moisture.

2. Smoothing Serum A good smoothing serum can coat the hair shaft and help to smooth and seal the cuticle layer to hold in moisture and allow the hair to retain a smooth and silky feel.

3. Always Use Conditioner After Shampoo
A hydrating conditioner should always be used after every shampoo. Use shampoo on the hair twice a week, at most. It would be better to use a conditioner to hydrate the hair.